tezpur Travel guide

How to get there

It is well connected by both Air and Road transport. There are direct flight from Calcutta thrice a week and from Guwahati to Tezpur daily.

It is only 180 km and both Government and Tourist Buses ply regularly to and fro from Guwahati.

From Tezpur tourist vehicles are available for hire for all nearby destination

Nearby areas of interest

* From Tezpur Tawang (12 Hrs) / Bomdila (5 Hrs) / Kaziranga National Park (40 km) / Orang National Park (30 km) are very easily accessible.
* For Orchid lovers the Orchid sanctuary nearby i.e Bhalukpung will be a bonus point for the hundreds of orchid varieties that are cultivated there.
* PAKKE (a Tiger sanctuary) & EAGLENEST (a birding point) are also nearby.
* Moreover the Bharali River is an anglers delight as angling / water rafting are allowed during winter seasons.

Tezpur is a city and a municipal board in Sonitpur in the Indian state of Assam. It is an ancient City on the banks of the river Brahmaputra and is the largest of the north bank towns. It is also the administrative headquarters of the Sonitpur district of Assam.

History

Historical ruins of 8th-9th century dot the surrounding areas of the town. The ruins of Bamuni Hills among them are the most famous. They bear resemblance to the Gupta period art. Accordingly there are plenty of myths as well. The ruins of Da Parbatia is a shining example of the architecture around the 4th Century AD. Modern Tezpur was founded by the British colonial administration in 1835 as the headquarters of Darrang district.

During WW2, Tezpur received large numbers of refugees fleeing from Burma, particularly the corps of Anglo-Burmese and Anglo-Indian nurses. After independence of India in 1947, it remained the headquarters of Darrang district. During the Sino-Indian War of 1962 the Chinese army came close to the town and the town had to be evacuated. In 1983 a part of the district was carved out to form a separate district, named Darrang. Tezpur became the headquarters of the new district of Sonitpur.

TEZPUR BALIPARA LIGHT RAILWAY : The existing MG rail line is actually the oldest on the North Bank, descending from the Tezpur Balipara Light Railway built in 1885 to carry tea from upcountry estates to the then riverport of Tezpur

ROCK INCRIPTIONS : 829 AD Pre-British Era : Sir Edward A. Gait ( 1897) had made reference to the nine line inscription of Harjjar Varma in his ‘’A History of Assam’’. The inscription is the first recorded history of Assam and dates back to 829 A.D. The inscription was found engraved on a massive stone some two km away from Tezpur town situated near a temple called Rudrapad.

HAZARA PUKHURI : 70 acres (280,000 m2) The famous King of the dynasty Harjjar Varma, had excavated a large pond in 70 acres (280,000 m2) of land, later came to be known as Hajara Pukhuri (Harjjara Pukhuri).

KANAKLATA & OTHERS On 10 September 1942, at Gohpur a young girl led a procession of unarmed villagers under Congress flag. She was Kanaklata Barua – a girl from Barangabari village. As soon as Kanaklata unfurled the flag she and her companion Mukunda Kakati were gunned down by the armed Police. The saga of her heroic sacrifice is still remembered with pride.

On the same day at Dhekiajuli Police Station eleven unarmed villagers were gunned down by the armed Police while trying to hoist the tri-color at the Police Station - three of them were teen-aged girls- Tileswari, Numali and Khahuli .