calicut travel guide

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people



Kozhikode has been a multiethnic and multi-religious town since the
early medieval period, as it was an important trading port in the Indian
ocean. Hindus form the largest community, followed by Muslims and
Christians respectively.[7]

The Hindu community worship all the major Gods and Goddesses of the
Hindu pantheon as well as several minor deities. Vishnu and Shiva are
the major Gods worshipped. The temples, like the others in Kerala, are
in many respects different from those of the East Coast. Elaborate rules
prescribed by the Sastras are followed in their construction. The Kavu
dedicated to the Bhadrakali is a typical example. They have their own
oracles called Velichappad. There are also temples devoted to such
deities as Ayyappan, Hanuman, and Garuda. Serpent worship has been
widely prevalent here. Ancestor worship is also practised by the
Hindus.[7]

The Muslims of Kozhikode are known as Mappilas, the great majority of
whom are Sunnis following the Shafi school of thought.[7] There are also
some smaller communities among the Muslims such as Dawoodi Bohras.[8]
Many of the Muslims living in the historic part of the city follow
matriliny. They are noted for their piety.[9] In fact, Mappila is a
Dravidian word, meaning a newly-wed husband coming to his wife's house.

The argument is that the infant Muslim community in Malabar adopted it
as a convenient arrangement that they were familiar with, owing to the
increasing number of marriages between West Asian traders who visited
the area for business and Malabar women belonging to trading
families.[10]

Though Christianity is believed to have been introduced in Kerala in 52
AD, not much progress was made by the Christians of this district before
the advent of the Portuguese towards the close of the 15th century.
Christians of Travancore and Cochin have migrated to the hilly regions
of the district and have settled there.

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Places of interest

Kozhikode Beach

The beach at Kozhikode is not yet overdeveloped. It remains a popular
retreat for local people. There are two sea piers, almost 125 years old
extending well into the sea. There are some nearby parks like the Lions
club, and children’s park. It is possible to watch fishermen with their
small rowing boats entering the sea, fighting the waves and returning
with their daily catch of fish.

Mananchira Square


Mananchira is at the heart of the city and many institutions like the
Town Hall and the Public Library are situated around it. One of
Kozhikode's oldest institutions, the Commonwealth Trust's office, is
located here. The large pond and park are well-known landmarks. Once the
main courtyard of the Zamorin Rulers palace, Mananchira Square has been
developed into a beautiful park. Temples, mosques and churches surround
the square along with numerous traditional Kerala houses and a large
water reservoir.

Mananchira Square was formed by joining Tagore park, Ansari park and the
large maidanam (grounds). The maidanam has a green carpet lawn and the
whole complex is circled by a laterite (a kind of stone) sculpted wall.
The entire complex is circled by 250 lamp posts that are designed in the
colonial style. Mananchira Square also has an artificial stream, a
musical fountain, an open-air theatre and a music stage.

Kappad Beach

On 27 May 1498, Vasco Da Gama landed in Kappad Beach (also known as
Kappakkadavu) with three vessels and 170 men. Sixteen km north of
Kozhikode by Kannur road, a small road from Tiruvangoor leads to this
beach of historical importance. A monument is here to commemorate the
historical landing. An ancient temple on a hillock, facing the deep sea,
is an added attraction.

 

 

Beypore

Beypore is a port city situated 10 km south of Calicut at the mouth of
Chaliyar river. Beypore is famous for its ancient shipbuilding industry,
which constructed uru, the traditional trading vessels of Arabs. The
place was formerly known as Vaypura and Vadaparappanad. Tippu Sultan
named the town “Sultan Pattanam”. It is one of the important ports of
Kerala and naturally, an important trading centre. It is a major fishing
harbour of Kerala. There are two man-made extensions to the sea to
facilitate easy access for fishing boats. The 2 km breakwater made of
stone is another attraction.

Other places of interest

* Art gallery and Krishna Menon Museum at East Hill in Kozhikode
* Lalitha Kala Academy: An art gallery adjacent to the Kozhikode

town hall
* Planetarium
* Lokanarkavu Temple

Lokanarkavu Temple,dedicated to goddess Durga,is situated at Memunda

,The temple is 4 km from vadakara.

* Thusharagiri: A waterfall situated about 55 km from Calicut

Railway Station
* Kozhippara waterfalls is located at the eastern side of the

district and offers a good trekking experience
* Peruvannamuzhi: [1] dam site, boat service, bird sanctuary, and

crocodile sanctuary
* Kakkayam: dam site, hydroelectric project, famous for trekking

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History




Calicut, is a city in the southern Indian state of Kerala. It is the
third largest city in Kerala and the headquarters of Kozhikode district.
During the Middle Ages, Calicut was dubbed the "City of Spices" for its
role as the major trading point of eastern spices.[1] Kozhikode was once
the capital of an independent kingdom, and later of the erstwhile
Malabar District.

Kozhikode has a population of 436,556 as per 2001 census, with an
extended metropolitan population of about 0.9 million, making it the
third largest urban agglomeration and the third largest city in Kerala.
According to data compiled by economics research firm Indicus Analytics
on residences, earnings and investments, Kozhikode ranked as the second
best city in India to reside in. Indicus considered six parameters –
health, education, environment, safety, public facilities and
entertainment – for preparing their 'reside-in' index of liveability.[


The ports of the Malabar Coast have participated in the Indian Ocean
trade in spices, silk, and other goods for over two millennia. There are
documented visits, as early as the 14th century, by Chinese travellers
such as Zheng He.[3]

During the Sangam period, Calicut District formed part of the Chera
Empire. It played an important role in fostering trade relations between
Kerala and the outside world. Tondi, present day Kadalundi, as per
scholars, was a flourishing seaport of Kerala at that time. Very little
is known about Calicut's history in the post-Sangam age (which is
considered to be a Dark Age in South India's history). During the 9th
century, Calicut became a part of the Second Chera Empire. The Cheras
(also known as Perumals) ruled the territory until 1122 AD. After the
fall of the Cheras, the Chera kingdom in Kerala was divided into many
independent districts called "Nadus", such as Eranad (land of the
Eradis) and Polanad. The Porlarthris, rulers of Polanad, controlled the
area to be later called as kozhikode.

During the 13th century AD,[citation needed] the Udaiyavar of Ernad,
whose headquarters was at Nediyiruppu wanted an outlet to the sea. After
going to war with the Polatthiri King for 48 long years he conquered the
area around Ponniankara (Panniyankara) and build a fort at a place
called Velapuram. Thus the city of Calicut came into existence sometime
in the 13th century AD. With the conquest of Calicut, the status of the
Udaiyavar increased and he came to be known as Swami Nambiyathiri
Thirumulpad. This title gradually shortened to Samoothirippadu or
Saamoothiri or Samuri over the years. The Europeans called him Zamorin.
Vasco da Gama delivers the letter of King Manuel I of Portugal to the
Zamorin of Calicut

In 1498 Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama landed at Kappad, about 15 km
from Calicut city. This was a major event in the era of European
exploration because the discovery of the sea route from Europe to India
gave the Portuguese a significant advantage in the control of
international trade. Portuguese control of the sea route lasted for
almost a century.

It was during the 16th century that the Portuguese set up trading posts
to the north in Kannur and to the south in Kochi, The Zamorin, however,
resisted the establishment of a permanent Portuguese presence in the
city. In 1509, the kingdom was forced to accept a Portuguese trading
post at Chaliyar.[citation needed]

In 1604 the Samoothirippadu allied with Steven van der Hagen,
representing the Dutch East India Company and by the mid-17th century
the Dutch had captured the Malabar Coast spice trade from the
Portuguese.


In 1766 Hyder Ali of Mysore captured Kozhikode and much of the northern
Malabar Coast. This bought him into conflict with the British based in
Madras, which resulted in four Anglo-Mysore Wars. Kozhikode and the
surrounding districts were among the territories ceded to the British by
Tipu Sultan of Mysore at the conclusion of the Third Anglo-Mysore War in
1792. The newly acquired possessions on the Malabar Coast were organized
into the Malabar District of Madras Presidency, and Calicut became the
district capital.

After Indian Independence in 1947, Madras Presidency became the Madras
State. In 1956 when the Indian states were reorganized along linguistic
lines, Malabar District was combined with the state of Travancore-Cochin
to form the new state of Kerala on 1 November 1956. Malabar District was
split into the districts of Kannur, Kozhikode, and Palakkad on 1 January
1957