Gwalior travel guide

 

 

Art and culture

Gwalior is a well acknowledged place of art, associated with historic

as well as contemporary evidence. In August 2005 a mural created by

Aasutosh Panigrahi along with five other artist, was acknowledged as

World's Largest Indoor Mural by Guinness Book of Records.

Gwalior holds an unparalleled reputation in Sangeet Greatest ever

classical singer ( Dhrupadiya) was Baijnath Prasad alias Baiju Bawra

lived in Gwalior for his whole life under the patronage of Man Singh.

Baiju was born in Chanderi and was cremated there only, got the

training of music in Brindaban Under great Swami Guru Haridas ji. He

was Court Musician of Gwalior along with Nayak Charju, Bakshu, and

others.

Tansen, Born in Behat, trained in music at Vrindavan, Served to Raja

Ramchandra Waghela of Bandhawgarh, then went to Agra under the

patronage of Akbar. After the death of Tansen in Fatehpur Sikri and

crimation in Agra the ashes were buried in Gwalior. Tansen Samaroh is

held every year in Gwalior.

Ustad Natthu Khan, Hassu Khan, Haddu Khan , Nissar Hussain, Rehmat

Khan, Shankarrao Vishnu Pandit, RamkrishnaBuwa Vaze, Rajabhaiyya

Poonchhwale, Krishnarao Pandit, lived here and spread the magic of

music. Renowned artiste Mrs. Malini Rajurkar, who is keeping the flame

of Hindustani music alive today, also belongs to Gwalior.

Sarod Maestro Ustad Amjad Ali Khan is also from the royal city of

Gwalior. His grandfather Ghulam Ali Khan Bangash became a court

musician in Gwalior.

Now, one of the great Hindustani classical singer Dr. Ishwar Chandra

Karkare who is fourth generation of artists poets and musician family

lives here and his classical music is full of spiritual joyousness.

Culturally Gwalior is the confluence of two rich cultures Bundeli and

Braj. Bundelkhand covers Gwalior, Bhind, Morena, Sagar, Shivpuri, Guna,

Sheopur and adjoining areas


Ahiri Dance

This dance is related to people who have traditionally been in the

business of cattle herding. In different parts of the state these

people are known by different castes such as Ahir, Baredi, Gwal, Rawat,

Raut, Gwala etc. These people believe that they are the descendents of

Lord Krishna. Since this site is about Gwalior, here I am giving

description of Baredi or Yadav dance of Bundelkhand only. If you wish

to know more about dances in other parts of the state you are most

welcome to contact me.

Baredi or Yadav dance of Bundelkhand

This dance has been associated with the biggest Hindu festival

"Diwali". On the night of Diwali people worship Laxmi, the Hindu

goddess of wealth and cattle. Next day on the occasion of "Padva" or

"Parva" cattle are sent to jungles or ranches after being decorated

with flowers and garlands. They are given special dishes as food. Yadav

dance is performed on the same occasion.

Dancers dance in a circular path while singing songs. Sometimes they

sit or lie down on earth and suddenly they restart their dance. Rhythm

of the song is very low in starting and increases with time. Music

instruments are started only when two lines of the song are finished.

Primarily these are two line couplets. Sometimes these are in form of

questions and answers. This dance continues till Kartik Purnima.

Dress Dancers, instrument beaters and their associates wear a clean

turban on head. Some people like to put on Dhoti up to knees (long

cloth wore by men enwrapping their waist). Some people specially

dancers wear colorful shorts. Dancers also keep bunch of peacock

feathers.

Music Instruments Mradang, Dholak, Ramtula, Dhapli, Manzira, Jhanz etc.

are used in this dance.

Saharia Dances

Saharias are tribal people who live in jungles. They work in farms and

also collect medicinal plants from jungles. There are several dances of

Saharias. Some of the important ones are: Lur Dance, Lanhgi Dance,

Dul-Dul Ghodi Dance, Raya Dance, Ada-Khada Dance.
Lur dance of Saharias

This dance is performed on the occasion of marriage starting from the

day of ritual of "Haldi" (In this ritual whole body is pasted with

turmeric and after sometime it is removed so the body is cleaned) till

the arrival of Barat (Bridegroom comes to the house of the bride with

his relatives and friends for marriage ceremony).
Lanhgi dance of Saharias

This dance is also known as Danda(baton) dance because Saharias dance

with small batons in their hands with which they strike at each other

and perform Lanhgi dance. Only men are allowed in it. This dance is

performed on the occasion of Bhujarias, Teja ji puja and Aekadashi etc.

Dul-Dul Ghori dance

This dance is performed on the occasion of marriage by males. In this

dance a hollow case of ghori (mare) is prepared of bamboo sticks. The

dancer stands in the hollow place and dances.(depicts various movements

of mare.) There is also a joker in women clothing. People sing folk

songs during the dance.

 

get there and around

The city is well connected via rail, road and air transport services.

Air

Air Deccan to and from Delhi, Indore and Bhopal to Gwalior's airport.

Indian Airlines Delhi to Jabalpur line also stops at Gwalior.
Railways

The Gwalior Junction GWL is part of the Jhansi Division of the North

Central Railways.

Gwalior's main station is one of the major commercial railway stations

of the North Central Railway of Indian Railways, which zonal Head

Quarter is centered in Allahabad. The station has won awards from

Indian Railways for clean infrastructure in 1987, 1988, 1989 and 1992.

Express trains such as the Bhopal Express, Taj Express and Bhopal

Shatabdi stop at Gwalior.

Gwalior is, perhaps, one of the few places where both narrow gauge and

broad gauge railways tracks are still operational. The Gwalior narrow

gauge track is the narrowest in India.

Gwalior is well connected via train services to all parts of the

country including 4 metros. There are direct trains to Mumbai, Delhi,

Kolkata (Howrah), Chennai, Trivandrum, Indore, Ahmedabad, Pune, Jammu,

Lucknow, Bhopal and other major towns. Gwalior is the main station

serving most of the important and long distance trains. There are two

other stations within the city limits, named Birla nagar and Sithouli.

These stations interconnect to other stations and also serve the short

distance trains connecting Gwalior to nearby towns and villages.

There are other narrow gauge stations within the city, named and

Motijheel. Gwalior lies on the longest functional broad gauge line in

India between Delhi and Mumbai.

Roads

Gwalior is fairly well connected to other parts of Madhya Pradesh and

India with national and state highways. The Agra-Bombay national

highway (NH3) passes through Gwalior. The Agra-Bombay Road runs though

the city connecting it to Shivpuri on one end and Agra on the other.

The city is connected to the Jhansi by the National Highway 75, towards

the south of the city. In the Northern, the city is connected to the

holy city of Mathura via National Highway 3. There are bus services to

and from all major and minor cities near Gwalior. The prominent one

being Bhopal, Agra, Delhi, Jabalpur, Jhansi, Bhind, Morena, Datia,

Jaipur and Indore.

Local transport

Gwalior's public transport system consists of tempos and horse drawn

tongas (which run fixed routes much like a bus system) and auto

rickshaw taxis. Recently the municipal corporation has launched Gwalior

City Bus covering some routes in the city.

The tempos and auto-rickshaws, are often cited as a cause of pollution

and road congestion, and the local government has plans to replace the

tempos with vans that shall run on Liquefied Petroleum Gas. However,

taken in itself, this solution ignores the congestion and pollution

caused by private cars, which is far more significant especially

considering that the impact of private cars is actually caused for the

benefit of a very small section of the city's population.

 

 

 

History

In the 10th Century it was taken by the Kachwaha Rajputs. Qutb-ud-din
Aybak captured the city in 1196. Shamsud-din Altamsh took control of
the area in 1232. By the 15th century the city had a noted singing
school which was attended by Tansen. It first fell to the British in
1780, but was one of the cities taken during the Sepoy Rebellion.[3]
Today Gwalior includes the former city of Lashkar. Laskar was the
capital of Gwalior state one of the princely states of India during the
British Raj. It then served as the capital of Madhya Bharat from
1950-1956