Gwalior travel guide
art and culture
Art and culture
Gwalior is a well acknowledged place of art, associated with historic
as well as contemporary evidence. In August 2005 a mural created by
Aasutosh Panigrahi along with five other artist, was acknowledged as
World's Largest Indoor Mural by Guinness Book of Records.
Gwalior holds an unparalleled reputation in Sangeet Greatest ever
classical singer ( Dhrupadiya) was Baijnath Prasad alias Baiju Bawra
lived in Gwalior for his whole life under the patronage of Man Singh.
Baiju was born in Chanderi and was cremated there only, got the
training of music in Brindaban Under great Swami Guru Haridas ji. He
was Court Musician of Gwalior along with Nayak Charju, Bakshu, and
Tansen, Born in Behat, trained in music at Vrindavan, Served to Raja
Ramchandra Waghela of Bandhawgarh, then went to Agra under the
patronage of Akbar. After the death of Tansen in Fatehpur Sikri and
crimation in Agra the ashes were buried in Gwalior. Tansen Samaroh is
held every year in Gwalior.
Ustad Natthu Khan, Hassu Khan, Haddu Khan , Nissar Hussain, Rehmat
Khan, Shankarrao Vishnu Pandit, RamkrishnaBuwa Vaze, Rajabhaiyya
Poonchhwale, Krishnarao Pandit, lived here and spread the magic of
music. Renowned artiste Mrs. Malini Rajurkar, who is keeping the flame
of Hindustani music alive today, also belongs to Gwalior.
Sarod Maestro Ustad Amjad Ali Khan is also from the royal city of
Gwalior. His grandfather Ghulam Ali Khan Bangash became a court
musician in Gwalior.
Now, one of the great Hindustani classical singer Dr. Ishwar Chandra
Karkare who is fourth generation of artists poets and musician family
lives here and his classical music is full of spiritual joyousness.
Culturally Gwalior is the confluence of two rich cultures Bundeli and
Braj. Bundelkhand covers Gwalior, Bhind, Morena, Sagar, Shivpuri, Guna,
Sheopur and adjoining areas
This dance is related to people who have traditionally been in the
business of cattle herding. In different parts of the state these
people are known by different castes such as Ahir, Baredi, Gwal, Rawat,
Raut, Gwala etc. These people believe that they are the descendents of
Lord Krishna. Since this site is about Gwalior, here I am giving
description of Baredi or Yadav dance of Bundelkhand only. If you wish
to know more about dances in other parts of the state you are most
welcome to contact me.
Baredi or Yadav dance of Bundelkhand
This dance has been associated with the biggest Hindu festival
"Diwali". On the night of Diwali people worship Laxmi, the Hindu
goddess of wealth and cattle. Next day on the occasion of "Padva" or
"Parva" cattle are sent to jungles or ranches after being decorated
with flowers and garlands. They are given special dishes as food. Yadav
dance is performed on the same occasion.
Dancers dance in a circular path while singing songs. Sometimes they
sit or lie down on earth and suddenly they restart their dance. Rhythm
of the song is very low in starting and increases with time. Music
instruments are started only when two lines of the song are finished.
Primarily these are two line couplets. Sometimes these are in form of
questions and answers. This dance continues till Kartik Purnima.
Dress Dancers, instrument beaters and their associates wear a clean
turban on head. Some people like to put on Dhoti up to knees (long
cloth wore by men enwrapping their waist). Some people specially
dancers wear colorful shorts. Dancers also keep bunch of peacock
Music Instruments Mradang, Dholak, Ramtula, Dhapli, Manzira, Jhanz etc.
are used in this dance.
Saharias are tribal people who live in jungles. They work in farms and
also collect medicinal plants from jungles. There are several dances of
Saharias. Some of the important ones are: Lur Dance, Lanhgi Dance,
Dul-Dul Ghodi Dance, Raya Dance, Ada-Khada Dance.
Lur dance of Saharias
This dance is performed on the occasion of marriage starting from the
day of ritual of "Haldi" (In this ritual whole body is pasted with
turmeric and after sometime it is removed so the body is cleaned) till
the arrival of Barat (Bridegroom comes to the house of the bride with
his relatives and friends for marriage ceremony).
Lanhgi dance of Saharias
This dance is also known as Danda(baton) dance because Saharias dance
with small batons in their hands with which they strike at each other
and perform Lanhgi dance. Only men are allowed in it. This dance is
performed on the occasion of Bhujarias, Teja ji puja and Aekadashi etc.
Dul-Dul Ghori dance
This dance is performed on the occasion of marriage by males. In this
dance a hollow case of ghori (mare) is prepared of bamboo sticks. The
dancer stands in the hollow place and dances.(depicts various movements
of mare.) There is also a joker in women clothing. People sing folk
songs during the dance.
get there and around
get there and around
The city is well connected via rail, road and air transport services.
Air Deccan to and from Delhi, Indore and Bhopal to Gwalior's airport.
Indian Airlines Delhi to Jabalpur line also stops at Gwalior.
The Gwalior Junction GWL is part of the Jhansi Division of the North
Gwalior's main station is one of the major commercial railway stations
of the North Central Railway of Indian Railways, which zonal Head
Quarter is centered in Allahabad. The station has won awards from
Indian Railways for clean infrastructure in 1987, 1988, 1989 and 1992.
Express trains such as the Bhopal Express, Taj Express and Bhopal
Shatabdi stop at Gwalior.
Gwalior is, perhaps, one of the few places where both narrow gauge and
broad gauge railways tracks are still operational. The Gwalior narrow
gauge track is the narrowest in India.
Gwalior is well connected via train services to all parts of the
country including 4 metros. There are direct trains to Mumbai, Delhi,
Kolkata (Howrah), Chennai, Trivandrum, Indore, Ahmedabad, Pune, Jammu,
Lucknow, Bhopal and other major towns. Gwalior is the main station
serving most of the important and long distance trains. There are two
other stations within the city limits, named Birla nagar and Sithouli.
These stations interconnect to other stations and also serve the short
distance trains connecting Gwalior to nearby towns and villages.
There are other narrow gauge stations within the city, named and
Motijheel. Gwalior lies on the longest functional broad gauge line in
India between Delhi and Mumbai.
Gwalior is fairly well connected to other parts of Madhya Pradesh and
India with national and state highways. The Agra-Bombay national
highway (NH3) passes through Gwalior. The Agra-Bombay Road runs though
the city connecting it to Shivpuri on one end and Agra on the other.
The city is connected to the Jhansi by the National Highway 75, towards
the south of the city. In the Northern, the city is connected to the
holy city of Mathura via National Highway 3. There are bus services to
and from all major and minor cities near Gwalior. The prominent one
being Bhopal, Agra, Delhi, Jabalpur, Jhansi, Bhind, Morena, Datia,
Jaipur and Indore.
Gwalior's public transport system consists of tempos and horse drawn
tongas (which run fixed routes much like a bus system) and auto
rickshaw taxis. Recently the municipal corporation has launched Gwalior
City Bus covering some routes in the city.
The tempos and auto-rickshaws, are often cited as a cause of pollution
and road congestion, and the local government has plans to replace the
tempos with vans that shall run on Liquefied Petroleum Gas. However,
taken in itself, this solution ignores the congestion and pollution
caused by private cars, which is far more significant especially
considering that the impact of private cars is actually caused for the
benefit of a very small section of the city's population.
In the 10th Century it was taken by the Kachwaha Rajputs. Qutb-ud-din
Aybak captured the city in 1196. Shamsud-din Altamsh took control of
the area in 1232. By the 15th century the city had a noted singing
school which was attended by Tansen. It first fell to the British in
1780, but was one of the cities taken during the Sepoy Rebellion.
Today Gwalior includes the former city of Lashkar. Laskar was the
capital of Gwalior state one of the princely states of India during the
British Raj. It then served as the capital of Madhya Bharat from