Raigad Travel guide
Raigad District is connected to Mumbai by Sion-Panvel Highway. The Mumbai-Pune expressway as also NH4 passes through Panvel. NH 17 also terminates here. The Konkan Railway line passes through Panvel, Roha, Mangaon and Veer. The main ports are JNPT, Mandava, Reavas, Murud and Shrivardhan.
Kolaba district was split from Thane district in 1869. According to the 1872 census Kolaba district had a population of just over 3,50,000 people, with 94% of the population being Hindus, and most of the remaining population being Muslims. In 1881 the population was about 382,000 with 95% of the population being Hindus.
However at this point the northernmost parts of modern Raigad district were retained in Thane district. Panvel, just across the bay from Mumbai was not put in Kolaba district until 1883, and Karjat, an area in the north-east corner of modern Raigad was not placed in Kolaba until 1891.
Raigad District , also known as Raigarh District, is a district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is located in the Konkan region. The district was renamed after Raigad, the fort and former capital of the Maratha leader Shivaji, which is located in the interior forests of the district, on a west-facing spur of the Western Ghats or Sahyadri range. The district had a population of 2,207,929 of which 24.22% were urban as of 2001.
The district is bounded by Mumbai Harbour to the northwest, Thane District to the north, Pune District to the east, Ratnagiri district to the south, and the Arabian Sea to the west. It includes the large natural harbor of Pen-Mandwa, which is immediately south of Mumbai harbour, and forming a single landform with it. Part of the district is included in the planned metropolis of Navi Mumbai, and its port, the Jawaharlal Nehru Port.
The district includes Kashid and Kihim beaches, besides the towns of Khopoli, Khalapur, Uran, Patalganga, Rasayani, Nagothana, Pen. The largest cities include Panvel, Alibag, Karjat and Mahad. The biggest city both in area and population is Panvel. The district also includes the isle of Gharapuri or Elephanta, located in Uran tehasil which has ancient Hindu and Buddhist caves.