Akola Travel Guide

get there and around



Air

Akola Airport (also known as Shivani Airport is the domestic airport of Akola city at an elevation of 999  ft  and has one runway . The Airport is just 7  km away from the city on National Highway number 6. The nearest domestic airport is at Nagpur. The work of renovation and operations of Akola airport has been taken by Airport Authority of India.


Road

The "NH6" runs through Akola from Hajira  to Kolkata. NH6 is a part of Asian Highway 46. Maharashtra state transport buses are most commonly used by people to travel to rural parts of the region. They are the cheapest means of transport. State-owned and private air-conditioned bus services run daily buses to most important cities to and from Akola. The bus frequency is good.


Bus

Akola Municipal Transport (AMT) runs Akola's public transport service. Autorickshaw is also widely used in Akola city for city transport. Traffic is generally a problem, in the form of congestions due to increasing number of vehicles, bad roads, stray animals and a general disregard of traffic rules. Road accidents are often fatal and are very common. The municipal corporation is trying to improve the roads in Akola city through IRDP (Integrated Rural Development Planning). This may create a new face of the city.



Rail

Akola also has good railway connectivity with direct trains to Mumbai, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Okha, Kolhapur, Pune, Indore, Ujjain, Khandwa, Ratlam, Nagpur, Howrah, Puri, Chennai, Jaipur and Hyderabad.

Akola railway junction situated on both the Mumbai-Bhusawal-Wardha-Nagpur-Howrah rail line and the Kacheguda-Jaipur meter gauge line is an important junction for passengers from North and South India and also for goods trains. Broadgauging of Akola-Purna, Akola - Indore Junction MG and Akola - Indore Junction BG - Ratlam railway line under Unigauge has recently completed and passenger train have started running on this route. Important railway stations in Akola region with their codes are Paras, Gaigaon, Akola Junction(AK), Murtajapur Junction (MZR) and are under Bhusawal-Badnera Section of Bhusawal Division of Central Railway.

The other stations under meter gauge are Hiwarkhed (HWK), Adgaon Buzurg (ABZ), Akot (AKOT), Patsul (PTZ), Ugwe (UGWE), Akola Junction, Shivani Shivpur (SVW), Barshitakli (BSQ), Lohogad (LHD), Amna Vadi (AMW), Jaulka (JUK) are under Purna - Khandwa Section of South Central Railway.

 

 

Akola is a city in the state of Maharashtra located in the Vidarbha region in central India. It is located around 600  km east of Mumbai (former "Bombay") and 250  km west of Nagpur. Akola is the headquarter of Akola District located in Amravati Division. Akola District has an area of about 54.31 square kilometers and population of 1,629,305 million people (2001 census). Marathi is the most popularly spoken language, though English and Hindi are also used. Akola District is bounded on the north and to the east by Amravati District, to the south by Washim District, and to the west by Buldhana District.

Akola, also called Cotton City, is renowned for its cotton production and is the largest cotton producing district in India. The city is also famous for its pulses (dal), oil and textile mills. Akola is also renowned for its medical facilities. It is a major center for advanced medical treatments, such as The Elizarov technique, IVF. Major hospitals in Akola include the Civil Hospital, Chaudhary Hospital and Akola Critical Care Unit.

Dainik Deshonnati, one of the highest circulated and leading Marathi newspaper in Vidharbha region, originated from Akola. Other prominent newspapers published from Akola include Lokmat Samachar and Dainik Matrubhumi.






History



Akola District along with the rest of the Berar province was part of the legendary kingdom of Vidarbha mentioned in the Mahabharata. Berar also formed part of the Mauryan Empire during the reign of Asoka (272 to 231 BCE). Berar later came under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty (2nd century BCE–2nd century CE), the Vakataka dynasty (3rd to 6th centuries), the Chalukya dynasty (6th to 8th centuries), the Rashtrakuta dynasty (8th to 10th centuries), the Chalukyas again (10th to 12th centuries) and finally the Yadava dynasty of Devagiri (late 12th to early 14th centuries). A period of Muslim rule began when Ala ud din Khilji, Sultan of Delhi, conquered the region in the early 14th century. The region was part of the Bahmani Sultanate, which broke away from the Delhi Sultanate in the mid-14th century. The Bahmani Sultanate broke up into smaller sultanates at the end of the 15th century, and in 1572 Berar became part of the Nizam Shahi sultanate, based at Ahmednagar. The Nizam Shahis ceded Berar to the Mughal Empire in 1595. The Mughals ruled the BBerar province during 17th century. As Mughal rule started to unravel at the start of the 18th century, Asaf Jah I, Nizam of Hyderabad seized the southern provinces of the empire (including Berar) in 1724, forming an independent state.

But the rise of Maratha Empire (from 1674 to 1760) under the command of Chhatrapati Shivaji succeeded by his son Sambhaji and grandson Shahu brought the whole Berar province including Akola district under the Maratha Empire around 1734. In 1749 at the time of his death, Shahu appointed the Peshwa as the head of the Maratha Empire with certain conditions to follow. The loss in the third battle of Panipat in 1761 weakened the Maratha empire and corrupted the power of Peshwa forever. The Berar province remained under the Marathas.



After India gained its Independence in 1947, the states and provinces were reorganized in 1956. Berar was divided among different states. Akola became a part of bilingual Bombay state which was further divided into two states in 1960. Akola became a part of the new Maharashtra State. The Narnala fort, Akot fort,Akola fort and Balapur Fort are some of the famous monuments in Akola