Mumbai Travel Guide

 

 

Panvel is city and a municipal council lies in Raigad district in India in state of Maharashtra. Panvel is also known as gateway of Konkan region. It adjoins Navi Mumbai, and is just after the Thane district border. Panvel is located on the Mumbai Pune Expressway about 22 kilometres from Mumbai.



History


The historic settlement of Panvel is 3000-years old, developed around trade routes (both land and sea), during the time of Muslims/ Portuguese/British dominance of the Konkan region. During this time, building activity in these townships was generated by the affluence due to trade. This can be seen in the large Wadas and the buildings that came up during the relative affluence of the Peshwahi and post-Peshwahi period. It is also said that old name of this city was Pavanpalli.

 

Malshej Ghat is a tourist spot near the cities of Mumbai and Pune in the state of Maharashtra, India. The site is nestled in the lofty rugged hills of the Western Ghats. The best time to visit is between August and September. At this time of the year, the hills are clothed in a soothing shade of mint green and the weather is cool due to the monsoons. Known for its misty tops and ice cold cascades at this time of the year, the site is a very popular weekend getaway for most of the city's residents at that time of the year.

The site is home to hundreds of different kinds of flora and fauna especially the avian population such as quails, rails, crakes, flamingos and cuckoos.

 

 

 

 

 

 

places to visit

There is a lot to see in Mumbai, but the typical "tourist" sights are
concentrated in South Mumbai.

By Indian standards, Mumbai is a young city and much of the land
comprising the city did not exist until it was claimed from the sea over
three centuries ago. It is therefore, a pleasant surprise to find rock
cut caves such as the Elephanta, Kanheri, and Mahakali within city
limits.


Colonial buildings

The British built a magnificent city within the walls of Fort St.
George. Some fine examples of the Gothic revival, Neo-classical style
and Indo-Saracenic style are seen within this area. Worth seeing are the
gateway of India, the CST terminus, and the Police headquarters or
generally just take a stroll around South Mumbai.

Museums and Galleries

Some of the most famous museums and art galleries in India are found
here. The Kala Ghoda area in South Mumbai teems with them, particularly
the Prince of Wales Museum, and the National Gallery of Modern Art. Once
again, most of them are concentrated in South Mumbai.
Beaches

Mumbai has a few beaches, including one in the downtown area. But they
aren't that great and the water off Mumbai's coast is extraordinarily
dirty. The relatively better ones are in the Northwest Mumbai area. But
there are other beaches to be found such as the Girgaon Chowpaty in
South Mumbai, The Juhu beach in the western suburbs and Aksa Beach in
Malad. The currents don't seem strong, but particularly in the rains,
lots of people die from drowning, so avoid getting in the water. A word
of advice to women: Bombay beaches are not the kind you can wear
swimsuits to, particularly two-pieces.


Zoos, parks and gardens

Mumbai has a justified reputation as a concrete jungle, but there are
some nice pockets of greenery within the city. It is also one of the
rare metropolises to have an entire national park within its borders.
(Borivali national park[19]). You will not visit Mumbai for them, but if
you are already here, they make a nice escape from the din and bustle.
The city zoo (Veermata Jijabai Udyan) is in Byculla and is a colonial
relic which is surprisingly well-preserved. The animals may look rather
emaciated, but the sheer diversity of trees on this lush zoo is worth a
trip.

Some city parks are very well-maintained and combine history as well.
The "Hanging Gardens" on Malabar Hill offers stunning vistas of the
Marine Drive.
Further in South Mumbai, the Mumbai Port Trust Garden, is another hidden
gem. This is set off a small side street off the Colaba Causeway 2-3 kms
south of the main section. Once again, lovely views of the port, the

naval yards, and sunset.
In central Mumbai, there are the Five Gardens. Mainly used by walkers in
the morning, it is a mess in the evenings. But the gardens encircle some
historic, art deco residences.
Markets and crowds
Mumbai is probably worth visiting just for its street markets, the
hustle of vendors, and the madness of the crowds.

Modern buildings and malls

Once the British left, the zeal to wipe away the traces of colonial rule
was, unfortunately, not matched by the enthusiasm to build a new city
that matched the grandeur of the British-era buildings. Now, while the
shabbiness of the socialist era is thankfully being replaced by
architecture with an eye on aesthetics, the new malls, multiplexes, and
office buildings that are coming up are indistinguishable from those
anywhere else in the world. Still, they are worth a look, especially if
you want to have a look at India's success story. Inorbit Mall, the best
mall in India, is in Malad.
Religious places

Mumbai has temples, mosques, churches, Parsi Agiaries, and even a few
synagogues reflecting the diversity of its citizens. While these are
naturally of interest if you are a believer, some, like the Portuguese
church at Dadar are worth visiting just for their unique architecture

get there and around


Getting there

While the train connectivity is not very good, the arrival of the Konkan Railway has ensured that this area is now more accessible.

The road access is very good:

* 160 km from Mumbai
* 135 km from Thane
* 110 km from Navi Mumbai (Vashi)
* 170 km from Pune (via Mulshi)
* Around 170-180 Km from Pune (via Khopoli - Mumbai Pune Expressway)

Buses:

* Buses plying regularly between Mumbai central - Murud halts at Kashid
* Buses plying regularly between Thane - Murud halts at Kashid
* Frequent service are available for Alibaug from Mumbai, Thane. From there buses are available for Murud which halts at Kashid village


Route from Pune:

The Mulshi route does not have the best of roads. If you go via Khopoli, the distance is more or less the same and you get to use the expressway for better part of the journey. The route goes like:

Pune -> Express way to Mumbai (ask them for Khopoli exit, as you will pay lesser toll money) -> Keep cruising along the expressway till the Ghats -> In the Ghats, locate the Khopoli exit (it comes after the second tunnel) -> Reach Khopoli and from there take the road to Pen (may be marked as Alibaug as well) -> Once in Pen, pass through the town to reach Mumbai - Goa highway -> Keep moving towards Alibaug -> around 1-2 km before Alibaug, take a left on the highway, to a road for Murud or Revdanda -> From there, keep following the road towards Murud at every intersection -> Around 35-37 km after Alibaug (approx 20 km before Murud) you will reach Kashid



Transport get there and around

roads
Public transport systems in Mumbai include the Mumbai Suburban Railway, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) buses, taxis, auto rickshaws, ferries, and aeroplanes, and plays a dominant role. Rail and bus services combined carry about 88% of the passenger traffic. Black and yellow metered taxis traverse most of the metropolis. Auto rickshaws operate only in the suburban areas of Mumbai, while taxis mostly operate in South Mumbai. Taxis and rickshaws run on Compressed Natural Gas, and are the most convenient, economical, and easily available means of transport. Mumbai has about 1.53 million vehicles, 56,459 black and yellow taxis, and 1,02,224 auto rickshaws, as of 2005.

Mumbai is served by National Highway 3, National Highway 4 and National Highway 8 of the Indian National Highways system. The Mumbai-Pune Expressway was the first expressway ever built in India, while the Mumbai-Vadodara Expressway is under construction.] Recently, the Bandra-Worli Sea Link bridge was opened, which along with Mahim Causeway, links the island city to the western suburbs. The two main road stretches within the city are the Eastern Express Highway from Sion to Mulund, and the Western Express Highway from Bandra to Borivali.


railway

Mumbai is the headquarters of two railway zones: the Central Railway (CR) headquartered at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, and the Western Railway (WR) headquartered near Churchgate. The backbone of the city's transport, the Mumbai Suburban Railway, consists of three separate networks: Central, Western, and Harbour Line, running the length of the city, in a north-south direction. The Mumbai Metro is an underground and elevated rapid transit system currently under construction.[154] The Mumbai Monorail, currently under construction, will run from Jacob Circle to Wadala when it is completed. Mumbai is well connected to most parts of India by the Indian Railways. Trains originate from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Dadar, Lokmanya Tilak Terminus, Mumbai Central, Bandra terminus and Andheri.[156] Mumbai's suburban rail systems carry a total of 6.3 million passengers every day. Trains are overcrowded during peak hours, with nine-car trains having a maximum capacity of 1,700 passengers, carrying around 4,500 passengers. During 2003-2008, about 20,000 rail deaths were reported on the suburban railway, with an average of 10 deaths per day.
A red bus on a road. Blue letters are seen on its side
A Modern BEST bus (Starbus). BEST buses carry a total of 4.5 million passengers daily

The bus services carry over 5.5 million passengers per day. Public buses run by BEST cover almost all parts of the metropolis, as well as parts of Navi Mumbai, Mira-Bhayandar and Thane. Buses are used for commuting short to medium distances, while train fares are more economical for long distance commutes. The BEST runs a total of 4,013 buses, ferrying 4.5 million passengers daily[142] over 390 routes. Its fleet consists of single-decker, double-decker, vestibule, low-floor, disabled-friendly, air-conditioned and the Euro III compliant Compressed Natural Gas powered buses. Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC) buses provide intercity transport and connect Mumbai with other major cities of Maharashtra and India. The Mumbai Darshan is a tourist bus service which explores numerous tourist attractions in Mumbai. Mumbai BRTS (Bus Rapid Transit System) lanes have been planned throughout Mumbai, with buses running on seven routes as of March 2009. Though 88% of the commuters travel by public transport, Mumbai still continues to struggle with traffic congestion. The city has been categorized as one of the most congested cities in the world.

air

A hall with curved ceiling inside an airport. Indicators, blue screens and counters on the left side
Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport is India's busiest airport.[170]

The Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (formerly Sahar International Airport) is the main aviation hub in the city and the busiest airport in India. The Juhu aerodrome was India's first airport, and now hosts a flying club and a heliport. The proposed Navi Mumbai International Airport which is to be built in the Kopra-Panvel area has been sanctioned by the Indian Government and would help relieve the increasing traffic burden on the existing airport.

Mumbai is served by two major ports, Mumbai Port and Jawaharlal Nehru Port. Mumbai Port has one of the best natural harbours in the world, and has extensive wet and dry dock accommodation facilities.[174] Jawaharlal Nehru Port, commissioned on 26 May 1989, is the most modern major port in India. It handles 55-60% of the country's total containerized cargo. Mumbai is the headquarters of the Western Naval Command, and also an important base for the Indian Navy, Indian Army and the Indian Air Force. Ferries from Ferry Wharf in Mazagaon allow access to islands near the city