Hawrah Travel Guide
Get in and around
Howrah Railway Station is one of the largest stations in the country. The headquarters of Eastern Railways, it is well-connected to other parts of India. The Rajdhani Express connects to Delhi.
Howrah has an extensive but badly-maintained transport system.
There is an extensive mini-bus network, and the destinations are generally written in both Bengali and English. There are no marked bus stops, you can flag the bus anywhere on its route. However, the brightly painted buses are extremely uncomfortable, noisy and crowded. The ticket is bought from an on-board conductor who hangs out of the doorway, yelling out the names of the streets which the bus will pass. When you want to get off, tell the driver a few blocks in advance and he'll stop the bus for you.
There are the usual Calcutta-type shuttle autos. The routes and fares are fixed, with 5 people per auto, and you have to wait for your co-passengers to turn up. When the three-wheeled contraption is full, it's off. Prepare for a bumpy ride since the suspensions are terrible! Fun, but not highly recommended if you want to get from A to B as fast as you can.
Local foods you must try are egg, chicken and mutton roll. They are known for their egg chicken roll, which is available anywhere for Rs 20. You will not find these foods anywhere else in the world. Mutton Biriyani is also worth a try, in Nijams or Arsalan.
Howrah is an industrial city, a municipal corporation in the Howrah district, West Bengal, India. it is a twin city of Kolkata. It is West Bengal's second largest city in terms of both area and population. The two cities are connected by the Howrah Bridge (also known as Rabindra Setu), the Vidyasagar Setu (also known as the second Hooghly Bridge) and ferry services between various jetties in the two cities.
Howrah Station serves as a terminal for two railway zones of India: the Eastern Railway and the South Eastern Railway. There are six other railway stations with the city, including the railway junction at Santragachhi and the terminal at Shalimar Station—all the six are part of the South Eastern Railway network. Two national highways—NH 2 and NH 6—are connected to Vidyasagar Setu via Kona Expressway. One endpoint of the Grand Trunk Road is at the Indian Botanical Gardens here, where the Great Banyan tree stands. Bengal Engineering College, now a university, is a notable educational institution located in the city.
History of Howrah dates back to 500 years. Venetian explorer Ceasare de Federici, who travelled India during 1565–79, mentioned a place called Buttor in his journal circa 1578. As per his description, this was the place up to which large ships could travel (in the Hoogli River) and so, it was the dock for loading and unloading goods for those ships. This place is identifiable with the modern day neighbourhood Bator of Howrah.Bator was also mentioned in the Bengali poetry Manasamangal written by Bipradas Pipilai in 1495.
In 1713, the Bengal Council of British East India Company, on the accession of the Emperor Farrukhsiyar, grand son of Aurangzeb, to the throne of Delhi, sent a deputation to him with a petition for a settlement of five villages on west bank of Hooghly river along with thirty-three villages on the east bank.The list of villages appeared in the Consultation Book of the Council dated 4 May 1714. The five villages on the west bank on Hooghly river were: 'Salica' (Salkia), 'Harirah' (Howrah), 'Cassundeah' (Kasundia), 'Ramkrishnopoor' (Ramkrishnapur), and 'Battar' (Bator): all identifiable with localities of modern day Howrah city. The deputation was successful except for these five villages. By 1728, most of the present day Howrah district was part of either of the two zamindaris: Burdwan or Muhammand Aminpur. After Battle of Plassey, as per the treaty signed with the Nawab of Bengal Mir Qasim on 11 October 1760, Howrah district (then part of Burdwan) came under control of East India Company. In 1787, the Hooghly district was formed, and till 1819, the whole of the present day Howrah district was added to it. The Howrah district was separated from the Hooghly district in 1843.
With the establishment of the Howrah Railway Terminus in 1854 started the most important phase of its industrial development. Flour mills were established in 1855, followed by Jute mills and around 1870s, there were five mills near Howrah station. The Howrah–Shalimar Railway Section and the Shalimar Terminus were constructed in 1883.
By 1914 almost every major city in India was served by the Railways and the increased demand for its rolling stocks and repair works resulted in the establishment of railway workshop in Howrah. The light engineering industry grew up after 1914. This industrial boom continued throughout the second world war and brought with it rapid urbanisation phase in unplanned manner creating slums near the industrial establishments.
Today, Howrah is famous for Howrah Station and Howrah Bridge.
places to visit
places to visit
Shibpur is a neighbourhood in south Howrah, near Vidyasagar Setu. Through the centuries it has been synonymous with the Great Banyan tree. The Great Banyan Tree boasts of having the largest canopy in the world. It continues to grow and covers many city blocks and looks like a forest all by itself. The British established the Indian Botanical Gardens in 1786 between the Great Banyan Tree and the Hoogly River. Here there is one end of the Grand Trunk Road.
Located in Shibpur, The Bengal Engineering College is the second oldest engineering college in India.
The international headquarters of Ramakrishna Mission are located at Belur Math in Belur in the Bally District and is one of the chief tourist attractions of West Bengal.
There is a famous Rama Temple in Ramrajatala area, where Rama is worshiped for 4 months, starting from Rama Navami to the last Sunday of the month of Shravana. A big fare is held every year on the last day of worship.
Located near Santragachi Railway Station, the Santragachhi Jheel is a large lake that attracts migratory birds during winter. Lesser Whistling Duck is the most dominant species visible here.